Tuesday, October 7, 2014

ORACLE NOSQL DATABASE, 12CR1 VERSION 3.0, ENTERPRISE EDITION

Architecture 

Oracle NoSQL Database is built upon the proven Oracle Berkeley DB Java Edition high-availability storage engine, which is in widespread use in enterprises across industries. In addition to that it adds a layer of services for use in distributed environments. The resulting solution provides distributed, highly available key/value storage that is well suited to large-volume, latency-sensitive applications.

High Availability and No-Single Point of Failure 

Oracle NoSQL Database provides single-master, multi-replica database replication. Transactional data is delivered to all replica nodes with flexible durability policies per transaction.
In the event the master replica node fails, a PAXOS-based automated fail-over election process minimizes downtime. This allows for scalability, fail-over, and hot-standby.

Transparent Load Balancing 


Oracle NoSQL Database Driver partitions the data in real time and evenly distributes it across the storage nodes. It is network topology and latency-aware, routing read and write operations to the most appropriate storage node in order to optimize load distribution and performance.


JSON Data Format

Oracle NoSQL Database has support for the Avro data serialization, which provides an extremely compact, schema-based binary data format. Avro allows you to define a schema (using JSON) for the data contained in a record's value and it also supports schema evolution.

Configurable Smart Topology

System administrators indicate how much capacity is available on a given storage node, allowing more capable storage nodes to host multiple replication nodes. Once the system knows about the capacity for the storage nodes in a configuration, it automatically allocates replication nodes intelligently. This results better load balancing for the system, better use of system resources and minimizing system impact in the event of storage node failure. Smart Topology also supports Data Centres, ensuring that a full set of replicas is initially allocated to each data centre.

Elastic Configuration

Oracle NoSQL Database includes a topology planning feature, with which an administrator can now modify the configuration of a NoSQL database, while the database is still online. This allows the administrator to:
Increase Data Distribution: by increasing number of shards in the cluster, which increases write throughput.
Increase Replication Factor: by assigning additional replication nodes to each shard, which increases read throughput and system availability.
Rebalance Data Store: by modifying the capacity of a storage node(s), the system can be rebalanced, re-allocating replication nodes to the available storage nodes, as appropriate. The topology rebalance command allows the administrator to move replication nodes and/or partitions from over utilized nodes onto underutilized storage nodes or vice versa.

Easy Administration and Enhanced System Monitoring

Oracle NoSQL Database provides an administration service, which can be accessed either from a web console or a command-line interface (CLI). This service supports core functionality such as the ability to configure, start, stop and monitor a storage node, without requiring manual effort with configuration files, shell scripts, or explicit database operations.

In addition it also allows Java Management Extensions (JMX) or Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) agents to be available for monitoring. This allows management clients to poll information about the status, performance metrics and operational parameters of the storage node and its managed services.

Table Data Model

Release 3.0 introduces tabular data structure, which simplifies application data modelling by leveraging existing schema design core concepts. Table model is layered on top of the distributed key-value structure, inheriting all its advantages and simplifying application design even further by enabling seamless integration with familiar SQL-based applications.

Secondary Index

Primary key only based indexing limits number of low latency access paths. Sometime application needs a few non-primary-key based paths to support the whole solution for the real-time system. Being able to define secondary index on any value field dramatically improves performance for queries.

APIs

Oracle NoSQL Database includes Java and C APIs. These simple APIs allow the application developer to perform CRUD operations on Oracle NoSQL Database. These libraries also include Avro support, so that developers can serialize key-value records and de-serialize key-value records interchangeably between C and Java applications.

Large Object Support

Stream based APIs are provided in the product to read and write Large Objects (LOBs) such as audio and video files, without having to materialize the value in its entirety in memory. This permits low latency operations across mixed workloads of objects of varying sizes.

Apache Hadoop Integration

KVAvroInputFormat and KVInputFormat classes are available to read data from Oracle NoSQL Database natively into Hadoop Map/Reduce jobs. One use for this class is to read NoSQL Database records into Oracle Loader for Hadoop.

Oracle Database Integration via External Tables (EE Only)

Support for external table allows fetching Oracle NoSQL data from Oracle database using SQL statements such as Select, Select Count(*) etc. Once NoSQL data is exposed through external tables, one can access the data via standard JDBC drivers and/or visualize it through enterprise Business Intelligence tools.

Integration with Other Oracle Products (EE Only)

Oracle Event Processing (OEP) provides read access to Oracle NoSQL Database via the NoSQL Database cartridge. Once the cartridge is configured, CQL queries can be used to query the data.

Oracle Semantic Graph has developed a Jena Adapter for Oracle NoSQL Database to store large volumes of RDF data (as triplets/quadruplets). This adapter enables fast access to graph data stored in Oracle NoSQL Database via SPARQL queries.

An integration with Oracle Coherence has been provided that allows Oracle NoSQL Database to be used as a cache for Oracle Coherence applications, also allowing applications to directly access cached data from Oracle NoSQL Database.

High Performance 

Network topology and latency aware Oracle NoSQL Database Driver working in conjunction with highly scalable, fault tolerant, high throughput storage engine enables a more granular distribution of resources and processing, which reduces the incidence of hot spots and provides greater performance on commodity based hardware.

Online Rolling Upgrade 

Upgrade and patching is an important part of any software support cycle. Oracle NoSQL
Database provides facilities to perform a rolling upgrade, allowing a system administrator to upgrade all of the nodes in the NoSQL Database cluster while the database continues to remain online and available to clients.

Multi Zone Deployment

Oracle NoSQL Database supports the definition of multiple zones from within the topology deployment planner. It leverages the definition of these zones internally to intelligently allocate replication of processes and data, ensuring optimal reliability during hardware, network & power related failure scenarios.

There are two types of Zones: Primary zones contain nodes that can be served as masters or replicas and are typically connected by fast interconnects. Secondary zones contain nodes which can only be served as replicas. Secondary zones can be used to provide low latency read access to data at a distant location, or to offload read-only workloads, like analytics, report generation, and data exchange for improved workload management.

Enterprise Security (EE)

OS-independent, cluster-wide password-based user authentication and Oracle Wallet integration, enables greater protection from unauthorized access to sensitive data. Additionally, session-level Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) encryption and network port restrictions deliver greater protection from network intrusion.

Commercial Grade Software and Support

Oracle NoSQL Database overcomes a significant limitation faced by many enterprises considering the implementation of NoSQL databases—the need for full supportability. Because it is a commercial product fully supported by Oracle, this solution gives organizations the confidence and limited risk they need to deploy Oracle NoSQL Database in the production environments they depend on to manage their business-critical data.

For more information visit oracle.com

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